Japan/North America S2S event at Mt Elliot 23-Apr-17

As a followup to the VK/NA S2S event on 13th January UTC, Kevin AC2KL proposed a simultaneous activation event for Japan and North American SOTA stations. The timing was set for Sunday morning 23rd April in Japan and Saturday night in NA. With almost two months notice operators had plenty of time to plan their activations.

Australia is in a very similar time zone to Japan so the prospect of joining in with the event and making some summit-to-summit contacts was more than enticing. It would mean an early start so I organised a stay nearby to an easy drive-up summit allowing maximum operating time.

Mt Elliot

Mt Elliot, VK2/HU-093 is the summit I activate every year for New Year and the most convenient for the event. Arriving at the summit just after dawn it was a cool, clear and sunny day. Rather than operating at the usual spot I scouted around for a better location further away from the roadside power lines. RF noise on the summit is generally pretty low, but it would be critical to minimise QRM in order to work the weaker DX stations. The actual activation zone is huge. Upon checking out the lookout platform there did not seem enough room to string the antenna, a 28m long ZS6BKW horizontal inverted-Vee. Another location was found further back where there was a table and a fence post for attaching the squid pole. This was about 20m further away from the power lines than the usual table.

Antennas

As well as the ZS6BKW I wanted to use my 20m quarter wave ground plane because of its lower angle of radiation. Using a single 9m squid pole allows both antennas to be supported. An egg insulator near the top of the squid pole with a rope through it is used to raise and lower the ground plane. The squid pole was lashed to a fence post about 4m from the table. The ground plane was set up with four elevated radials but was not exactly vertical as I only had a 2m run of coax to go from the base to the table. The ZS6BKW was set up to be broadside to NA.

170423MtElliotShack

Operating position at Mt Elliot VK2/HU-093

The station consisted of a KX3 transceiver, KL-405 linear amplifier and a two-way antennas switch. The KX3 has an in-built antenna matcher so can be used on any band. The linear would only be useable on 40m, 20m and 17m where there is a good impedance match with the antennas. Only 1-2 Watts input is needed to drive the linear to full output of 50-60 Watts. It also has a receive pre-amp that can be useful for very weak signals.

Logging

To make this activation more interesting, I decided to do my logging electronically rather than on a paper log. This would be done using VK Port-a-log on the mobile phone, an application that I use religiously for spotting but have thus far ignored the logging side. This would be the trial run for the rest of my week long activating trip.

Activating

Once the station was set up the spots on SOTAwatch were checked through looking especially for NA SOTA stations. There were no audible ones so the JA stations were investigated. First summit-to-summit contact was with Hayashi JA4RQO on 15m and reports of 519 sent and 319 received. With the antenna favouring NA there was no expectation of big signals from Japan. Next S2S was on 17m with Takeshi JS1UEH and reports of 419 sent and 339 received.

Moved up the 17m band and put out a spot and started calling CQ. Rather elated when I heard Peter WA7JTM call back from Summit Mountain W7A/CS-026 in Arizona with a 449 report and I gave him 319. The power output was only 12 Watts at this stage. That surprise call was followed up with two more NA calls – both home stations: Tom NQ7R in Arizona and Larry K0RS in Colorado. These stations were also S1 so I was amazed they could hear me.

At that point the calls dried up so I started scooting around the bands checking for other SOTA activators. I worked Toru JH0CJH on 15m with 319 sent and then Jun JI1IHV on 17m with 419 sent. Signals were certainly pretty consistent. Received reports were between S1 and S3. Then I put out a spot on 20m and started calling but there were no responses at all. I noticed that the noise level was slightly elevated on 20m compared to the higher bands so there was a chance someone heard me and called but was lost in the noise.

170423MtElliotSite

Antennas and shack at Mt Elliot VK2/HU-093

It was time to give 15m a try so I spotted there and started calling. First in the log (again) was Peter WA7JTM for another S2S on a different band. Thanks Peter! Signal reports on both bands were pretty similar. That was followed by two more S2S calls from Japan: Minoru JL1NIE and Gen JS1IFK. When the calls dried up again I started chasing.

John ZL1BYZ was easy to work for the first ZL S2S on 17m and then Katsu JP3DGT and JG1GPY. Then the first of the VK activators came on. It was Andrew VK1AD at Bobbara Mtn VK2/ST-044 about 300km away and I worked him on 40m SSB. He had actually been on the higher bands for nearly an hour but I only had a very, very weak copy on him on 17m SSB so it was not QSO quality.

It was 2330z or 9:30am local and I had 11 S2S in the log so put up a posting on the facebook SOTA group in the hope of attracting some more chasers. Before UTC rollover I chased Peter VK3PF on 40m at VK4/SE-045. At that point I remembered I had brought the linear so plugged it in to work Charlie NJ7V at Humboldt Mountain W7A/AW-040 for another Arizona S2S on 17m. Signals were hanging in there at S1. In the final minute of UTC Saturday worked Wade VK1FWBD at Mt Gibraltar VK2/IL-001 on 40m SSB.

UTC Rollover

Just after UTC rollover I worked Andrew VK1AD, Wade VK1FWBD and Peter VK3PF for second S2S contacts plus some chasers on 40m SSB. Then spotted back on 17m and worked some chasers as well as Yukio JF1NDT, then chased Steve JS6TMW on 15m for his first JA-VK S2S. Some more VK activators were on air so worked Tony VK3CAT an Allen VK3ARH at Big Hill VK3/VE-059. They were on a two day hiking tour through a few summits.

Spotted again on 15m and yielded two chasers: VK6NU and JA1VRY. The DX had dried up so it was time to get to 40m and work the locals. Spotting for CW yielded 5 chasers and a S2S from Ian VK5CZ at Tothill Range VK5/SE-010. Strangely there was an SSB station calling me on the CW frequency which turned out to be an S2S from Nick VK3ANL on Mt Torbreck VK3/VN-001. Sometimes we call using CW within the SSB passband so this was quite unusual.

CW contacts had dried up so I spotted on 40m SSB and worked 12 chasers. It was packup time and just as I started there was a spot from Warren ZL2AJ at Hikurangi ZL1/MW-105 on 20m SSB. His signal was weak so I used the linear and he was the last contact and S2S for the day.

QRT

It was certainly a very successful activation with more DX S2S than I could have dreamed of. There were 25 S2S contacts including 3 NA, 9 JA, 2 ZL and 11 VK. The best band for DX was 17m with 15m coming second. 20m was pretty useless. I did compare the 20m ground plane with the ZS6BKW and found that in some cases the ground plane yielded stronger received signals. A more useful test would have been if I had one for the 17m band so it could be worth adding links into the ground plane to make it multi-band. The logging went pretty smoothly once I became familiar with a few idiocyncracies. I found I could click on a spot and have the information appear in the logging window which saved having to type in callsigns and summit references. All 55 contacts were successfully recorded and only minor editing was needed after the event. This would bode well for the rest of the trip. Time on summit was just under 5 hours.

Thank you to all the other activators, the chasers and Kevin AC2KL for initiating the event. I hope to participate in another one just like it!

Log

Time Call Frequency Mode Summit
2124 JA4RQO/4 21.063MHz CW JA/SN-077
2129 JS1UEH/1 18.091MHz CW JA/TG-107
2139 WA7JTM 18.093MHz CW W7A/CS-026
2141 NQ7R 18.093MHz CW
2142 K0RS 18.093MHz CW
2151 JH0CJH/2 21.065MHz CW JA/SO-061
2202 JI1IHV/1 18.075MHz CW JA/KN-006
2220 WA7JTM 21.061MHz CW W7A/CS-026
2225 JL1NIE/1 21.061MHz CW JA/YN-032
2230 JS1IFK 21.061MHz CW
2240 ZL1BYZ 18.0925MHz CW ZL1/WK-086
2242 JP3DGT/3 18.080MHz CW JA/HG-068
2258 JG1GPY/1 18.0817MHz CW JA/YN-043
2304 VK1AD/2 7.085MHz SSB VK2/ST-044
2308 VK2YW 7.085MHz SSB
2317 JF1IRW 18.094MHz CW
2318 KG6DX 18.094MHz CW
2320 JA1VRY 18.094MHz CW
2340 VK3PF/4 7.085MHz SSB VK4/SE-045
2358 NJ7V 18.0875MHz CW W7A/AW-040
2359 VK1FWBD/P 7.090MHz SSB VK2/IL-001
0003 VK1AD/2 7.080MHz SSB VK2/ST-044
0005 VK1FWBD/P 7.090MHz SSB VK2/IL-001
0011 VK3PF/4 7.085MHz SSB VK4/SE-045
0013 VK2YW 7.100MHz SSB
0013 VK3SQ 7.100MHz SSB
0013 VK3MCD 7.100MHz SSB
0017 VK2JDR 18.093MHz CW
0024 JA1VVH 18.093MHz CW
0029 JF1NDT/1 18.093MHz CW JA/YN-032
0034 JS6TMW/6 21.062MHz CW JA6/ON-041
0046 VK3CAT/P 7.032MHz CW VK3/VE-059
0048 VK3ARH/P 7.032MHz CW VK3/VE-059
0053 JA1VRY 21.061MHz CW
0103 VK6NU 21.061MHz CW
0108 VK7CW 7.032MHz CW
0109 VK4RF 7.032MHz CW
0112 VK4TJ 7.032MHz CW
0114 VK2MWP 7.032MHz CW
0115 VK2NP 7.032MHz CW
0117 VK5CZ 7.032MHz CW VK5/SE-010
0121 VK3ANL/P 7.032MHz SSB VK3/VN-001
0124 VK1MA 7.095MHz SSB
0125 VK4RF 7.095MHz SSB
0125 VK4HA 7.095MHz SSB
0127 VK1FWBD/P 7.095MHz SSB VK2/IL-005
0128 VK5BJE/3 7.095MHz SSB
0129 VK2NP 7.095MHz SSB
0130 VK1AT/3 7.095MHz SSB
0134 VK3ZPF 7.095MHz SSB
0136 VK3TUN/P 7.095MHz SSB
0136 VK1DW 7.095MHz SSB
0137 VK2LX 7.095MHz SSB
0138 VK7VZ 7.095MHz SSB
0143 ZL2AJ 14.295MHz SSB ZL1/MW-105
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Oceania DX Phone Contest – Wyrrabalong NP 3-4 Oct 2015

The Oceania DX Contest is an amateur radio event held annually on consecutive weekends in October. The first weekend is phone (SSB) and the second is CW (morse code). The first (and last) time I participated was in 2010 as a portable station using a kite antenna. It was a lot of fun and the video has been quite popular. This year I wanted to operate for the full length of the contest, not just for a few hours. I also wanted to operate as a portable station and this meant using low power (QRP). Luckily the contest has a QRP category so I would not need to compete with much bigger stations using beams and high power. Going portable has three advantages: (1) away from city noise; (2) have space for 160m antenna; (3) can qualify a national park for WWFF.

Wyrrabalong National Park map

Wyrrabalong National Park map showing north and south sections

Location

The criteria for the location was based on: (1) must be in a national park; (2) have reasonable car access; (3) near a body of water; (4) room for antennas; (5) clear RF takeoff in all directions; (6) away from RF noise sources; (7) 24hr availability. Most of the criteria for a location can be assessed beforehand by studying internet sites. For this exercise I looked at national parks on the Central Coast of NSW and drew up a short list of possibilities within the Wyrrabalong National Park VKFF-0550. The park is coastal and divided into a large northern section and a smaller southern section. The northern section is virtually at sea level with the ocean to the east and a lake to the west. It is bisected by the Central Coast Highway running north-south. A road off the highway provides access to the park and the beach. Unfortunately the road is gated and closed at night, but I added it to my short list anyway. There did not appear to be any other accessible locations in the northern section of the park.

The southern section of the park was much more familiar as I had done the coastal walk many times. This section has ocean to the east and housing to the west and consists of a long narrow strip. The prominent features are the Crackneck Lookout providing stunning ocean views and a favourite for hang-gliders, and the Wyrrabalong TV translator tower on the southern end of the coastal walk. Of these only the Lookout is suitable. Another location was also found half way along the coastal walk next to some water tanks with access from a nearby suburban street.

Southern section of Wyrrabalong NP showing operating point

Southern section of Wyrrabalong NP

Scoping It Out

On the Saturday of the contest I packed the car and set off for the northern section of the Wyrrabalong National Park at about 3pm. The goal was to reach the location by 5pm and set up in time to start contesting at 6pm. Most of the drive was along the Sydney-Newcastle freeway then head head east through Budgewoi then south through Norah Head to the park. Upon turning off the Central Coast Highway there was a large gate into the park and a sign showing the opening hours. I checked out the carpark at the end of the road and decided that it was not that suitable. Probably the best spot would be on the beach.

Left the northern section and drove through The Entrance township to Crackneck Lookout in the southern section of the park. On the approach road there was a wedding entourage and photographer actually on the road. Proceeding on and just before the lookout there was a gate – one that I had not seen before. Seems the lookout carpark now has restricted hours which seemed odd. The views from there at night are pretty nice. As a consolation, two car spaces have been provided just before the gate about 100m down the road. After a quick scout around and a gawk at the stretch limousine I decided the spot wasn’t as suitable as I was expecting.

Now down to the third option I drove back through the gate and around to the closest road to the water tanks. The road to actually get near the water tanks is gated too but intended to be used by pedestrians to access the coastal walk. The walking distance to the park is about 200m. The area around the tanks has been cleared and was within the national park according to the GPS.  I decided this would be a good spot to operate from though I was unsure how much electrical noise would emanate from near the tanks and the nearby houses. The nearest power lines were 50m away. Maidenhead locator: QF56RO.

Shack at Wyrrabalong National Park

Operating chair and tent at Wyrrabalong National Park

Setup

Getting the gear to the site took three trips and then I set up the ZS6BKW antenna on the 9m squid pole with the wire oriented north-south. Next was the double-sized ZS6BKW which was awkward to set up due to the available cleared space. There was little undergrowth as the park had been burnt out recently, but there were still quite tall trees. It took some time to weave the antenna wire through and over these. I used my 10m travel mast leaving the top sections unused, and there was a pronounced bend in the mast due to the load. One antenna crossed the other one but only at about 30 degrees. They were almost parallel. A ground sheet was put down and then an operating chair which would serve as the shack for the evening. Then the KX3 and computer were installed. The chair has a small side table useful for putting things down when not seated in the chair.

Operating chair and tent at Wyrrabalong NP

Operating tent at Wyrrabalong NP

Contesting

By 6:20pm I was on the air but it was getting dark so I used a headlamp to see what I was doing, especially with the computer. The bands were all very much alive. I started on 40m by hunting and pecking my way up and down the band. After half an hour there were a bunch of VKs and a couple of ZLs in the log. Then to 15m for a couple of JAs then 20m for more JAs and a US station. My 5 Watts was cutting through though not to every caller – some of them completely ignored me. Then to 160m and even though it was still early, 2 contacts were made and then to the 80m DX window for 2 more including a ZL. Back to 40m and it was definitely the busiest band and some new stations were calling. Continued to cycle through the bands calling all I could hear that i hadn’t already worked. Occasionally I would put out some CQ calls and was sometimes rewarded with a call.

After a few hours it started to cool down quite a bit and the wind was a little cool. It was time for more shelter so I started to set up the tent. I had a new “mosquito” tent so had not put it together before. The instructions consisted of a series of numbered pictures printed on a tag attached to the tent bag. By a process of trial and error the tent was set up in about 15 minutes then the radio gear was moved inside. I could continue contesting in more comfort though I was squatting instead of sitting. I managed to work Indonesia, PNG and more US stations. VK2IM who lives nearby was worked too. His signal was so strong on 20m that the KX3 automatically switched off its preamp as a protective measure. Later it was found that he was line of sight and only 6.5km away running a linear amp and a beam. It normally takes a very strong local signal for the radio to react in this way – impressive!

Two antennas at sunrise in Wyrrabalong NP

Two antennas at sunrise in Wyrrabalong NP

Some more hours of contesting and contacts had slowed down to a snail’s pace. After an hour making no contacts I decided at 1am to close down for the night. A trip to the car was made to recharge one of the 4200 mAh LiFe batteries that had been powering the computer after its own internal battery went flat after 4 or 5 hours. The radio was still running fine on its battery of the same capacity and did not need charging. Only one battery can be charged at a time. Returned to the tent for some much needed sleep.

Morning

Arose just before dawn, took some photos and retrieved the battery from the car. By 6am I was back on the radio though with the changeover to daylight savings time, this was now known as 7am. 40m was running well and I made many contacts. After 2 hours I tried 10m and 15m and made a few DX contacts with Japan, Indonesia and Russia. This was great because contacts had now been made on all the bands available in the contest. From 10:30am to 11:30am there was a spate of SOTA activations, all on 40m. Some were CW so were not logged as contest contacts and instead recorded in the regular portable logbook. At midday the KX3 was shutting down when PTT was pressed. It was time for a run to the car to charge the battery powering the radio which had dropped to 8 volts. It looked to be bulging a bit too – oops. The charger accepted the battery and started to charge it without complaining about the voltage.

Shack inside the operating tent in Wyrrabalong NP

Shack inside the operating tent in Wyrrabalong NP

Afternoon

The break gave me an excuse to have something to eat as breakfast had pretty much been skipped. Returned to the airways at 12:45pm and set up the voice keyer on the radio to put out calls while munching away. I started to call on 7.144 which is a popular frequency for World Wide Flora and Fauna activations. There were some responses but not from the usual VKFF hunters and I could not self-spot under the contest rules. 40m and to a lesser extent 20m were the bands I was able to make contacts during the afternoon. Occasionally another SOTA station would come up and I would chase them. The most notable was Takeshi JS1UEH on 15m CW.

The weather got quite hot in the afternoon and peaked at 34 degrees in the shade. I was glad to have the tent for protection from the sun. The wind kicked up too and was nearly at the point of blowing things away like the chair sitting outside the tent. During the afternoon I noticed that the UTC time and time to contest end was advanced by one hour. The clock on the computer was showing the correct daylight savings time. I decided to continue on and fix it up later. At about 5pm the long path to EU opened on 20m and many contacts were made. This dried up by 6pm and it was back to 40m. At 6pm the logger reported end of contest, but there was still an hour to go. I set the clock on the computer back by an hour and this fixed the problem. With only one hour left and darkness approaching I started to pack up and just left the voice keyer calling on 40m. The 160m antenna was pulled down first as it would not been needed at all and would take some time to roll up. Responses to calls were very infrequent by 6:30pm so the main activity was packing up the tent. QRT happened at 6:45pm, 15 minutes before the contest end and it took another 20 minutes to collect everything and transport it to the car over multiple trips. The timing worked out well with sunset at 7pm, the same as the contest end time and no need to use lights.

Path to local station VK2IM

Path to local station VK2IM

Log Processing

After the contest the log needed to be massaged and submitted. Entries in the log after the changeover to daylight savings had to be manually edited to take off an hour except for the last few contacts after 6pm (0700z). There was no easy way to do this other than manually. The author was contacted and could not shed any light on why the UTC time was incorrect after the switch to AEDST. Cabrillo format can be generated by the software and directly emailed to the contest manager. ADI format can be generated as well and after some editing to include National Park information, callsigns, locator, etc, the log can be imported into my station log running in Log4OM. When logging I always put in the exact frequency in the comment field. This must be extracted and put into the frequency field, and any SOTA or WWFF reference must be extracted from the comment field and new fields created for those. After importing the contest log, the non-contest QSOs can be added manually in Log4OM. Then the log is exported in ADI format for submission to WWFF to claim the national park activation. SOTA chaser contacts are also exported in CSV format and submitted to the SOTA database. There is also upload to eQSL as well, and it is all handled through Log4OM.

Contest contact and multiplier accumulation over time

Contest contact and multiplier accumulation over time

Statistics

The chart on the right shows for each hour the number of contacts made in red and the number of multipliers made in green. Contest contacts made per band are summarised below:

Band   QSOs Mult  Pts  Inv 
160 m    6    3   120   0 
 80 m   12    7   120   0 
 40 m   92   15   460   0 
 20 m   36   31    35   1 
 15 m   13   12    26   0 
 10 m    6    4    18   0 
 
 QSOs/Multiplier:   2.3

Highlights

At the end of the contest I had logged 165 stations plus another 15 non-contest stations (5 CW). I had worked 3 other national parks and 23 SOTA stations. All this using 5W except for the JS1UEH on 15m using 10W. Contacts were made on all 6 bands from 160m to 10m. Local station VK2IM was worked on 5 bands – all but 160m.

As a QRP station I found making contacts to be a very active process of chasing up and down the bands looking for callers and also switching bands regularly. Its not enough to just call away on one frequency and continuously log contacts like the high power stations do. I found myself calling CQ only a small percentage of the time. Often a higher powered deaf station would take over the frequency so one would be forced to QSY. However, this can happen regardless of output power.

It’ll be interesting to see how my contest score compares to other QRP stations.

Thanks to all contest stations and hunters. Great to get you in the log!

151004WyrrabalongContactMap

Map of contacts made from Wyrrabalong NP VKFF-0550

Equipment

  • Elecraft KX3 transceiver
  • Computer headset/microphone
  • Two LiFePO4 4200 mAh batteries
  • 7200 mAh SLA battery
  • Hi-Mound MK-706 CW paddle
  • Lenovo S10-3 netbook computer
  • VK Contest Log (VKCL) v3.12a software
  • ZS6BKW inverted-Vee doublet (28m long) on 9m mast
  • Double size ZS6BKW inverted-Vee doublet (56m long) on 9m travel mast
  • Headlamp
  • Turnigy Accucell 6 charger

Short/Long path DX from Australia

As an aid to pointing directional antennas, the table below shows the short and long path azimuth (direction) and distance from various Australian cities to the geographical centre of each entity in the world ordered by callsign prefix. To use the table, find the 2 columns for the prefix of the state capital closest to your location. Scroll down to the Call prefix for the required Entity. Read off in your Az column the short path direction and below that the long path direction in degrees. Read off in your km column the short path and below that the long path distance in km. Columns for VK2, VK4 and VK6 are italicised. VK7 can use the VK3 columns. Tables created using dxwatch.com. For working EU, see the average beam headings at the bottom of the page.

Call Entity Cont VK1 Az VK1 km VK2 Az VK2 km VK3 Az VK3 km VK4 Az VK4 km VK5 Az VK5 km VK6 Az VK6 km
1A Sov Mil Order of Malta EU 294° 114° 16221 23809 296° 116° 16299 23731 292° 112° 15989 24041 305° 125° 16116 23914 296° 116° 15341 24689 303° 123° 13344 26686
1S Spratly Is. AS 317° 137° 6216 33814 315° 135° 6210 33820 322° 142° 6191 33839 309° 129° 5893 34137 328° 148° 5606 34424 358° 178° 4653 35377
3A Monaco EU 298° 118° 16632 23398 300° 120° 16695 23335 294° 114° 16421 23609 310° 130° 16459 23571 298° 118° 15772 24258 304° 124° 13794 26236
3B6 Agalega & St. Brandon AF 260° 80° 9559 30471 259° 79° 9755 30275 263° 83° 9149 30881 258° 78° 10091 29939 266° 86° 8616 31414 278° 98° 6500 33530
3B8 Mauritius AF 252° 72° 8860 31170 251° 71° 9074 30956 255° 75° 8424 31606 249° 69° 9496 30534 258° 78° 7948 32082 267° 87° 5898 34132
3B9 Rodriguez I. AF 256° 76° 8383 31647 255° 75° 8589 31441 259° 79° 7958 32072 253° 73° 8977 31053 261° 81° 7454 32576 271° 91° 5371 34659
3C Equatorial Guinea AF 238° 58° 14359 25671 237° 57° 14592 25438 240° 60° 13894 26136 241° 61° 15121 24909 247° 67° 13527 26503 263° 83° 11571 28459
3C0 Annobon I. AF 231° 51° 14446 25584 230° 50° 14685 25345 233° 53° 13979 26051 233° 53° 15276 24754 241° 61° 13677 26353 258° 78° 11819 28211
3D2 Fiji OC 63° 243° 3441 36589 63° 243° 3214 36816 64° 244° 3900 36130 72° 252° 2765 37265 74° 254° 4318 35712 92° 272° 6371 33659
3D2/C Conway Reef OC 67° 247° 2911 37119 67° 247° 2689 37341 67° 247° 3365 36665 79° 259° 2296 37734 78° 258° 3809 36221 95° 275° 5892 34138
3D2/R Rotuma I. OC 55° 235° 3782 36248 54° 234° 3546 36484 57° 237° 4249 35781 61° 241° 3005 37025 67° 247° 4599 35431 86° 266° 6573 33457
3DA Swaziland AF 233° 53° 10515 29515 232° 52° 10753 29277 235° 55° 10048 29982 231° 51° 11343 28687 239° 59° 9747 30283 249° 69° 7990 32040
3V Tunisia AF 282° 102° 16395 23635 284° 104° 16520 23510 280° 100° 16083 23947 294° 114° 16484 23546 286° 106° 15459 24571 295° 115° 13369 26661
3W Vietnam AS 315° 135° 7150 32880 313° 133° 7151 32879 320° 140° 7107 32923 309° 129° 6843 33187 325° 145° 6508 33522 350° 170° 5376 34654
3X Guinea AF 222° 42° 16633 23397 221° 41° 16872 23158 226° 46° 16171 23859 226° 46° 17515 22515 237° 57° 15929 24101 259° 79° 14084 25946
3Y/B Bouvet AF 199° 19° 9516 30514 198° 18° 9733 30297 201° 21° 9122 30908 197° 17° 10455 29575 204° 24° 9196 30834 214° 34° 8455 31575
3Y/P Peter 1 I. SA 160° 340° 7461 32569 160° 340° 7565 32465 161° 341° 7319 32711 160° 340° 8150 31880 163° 343° 7798 32232 170° 350° 8608 31422
4J Azerbaijan AS 301° 121° 13352 26678 301° 121° 13409 26621 301° 121° 13177 26853 303° 123° 13210 26820 304° 124° 12527 27503 315° 135° 10688 29342
4L Georgia AS 301° 121° 13600 26430 302° 122° 13653 26377 302° 122° 13430 26600 305° 125° 13439 26591 305° 125° 12781 27249 315° 135° 10950 29080
4O Montenegro EU 296° 116° 15665 24365 298° 118° 15737 24293 294° 114° 15448 24582 304° 124° 15549 24481 298° 118° 14799 25231 306° 126° 12834 27196
4S Sri Lanka AS 289° 109° 8586 31444 288° 108° 8692 31338 292° 112° 8338 31692 285° 105° 8687 31343 296° 116° 7690 32340 313° 133° 5766 34264
4U1I ITU HQ EU 303° 123° 16712 23318 306° 126° 16754 23276 299° 119° 16536 23494 315° 135° 16457 23573 302° 122° 15886 24144 307° 127° 13957 26073
4U1U United Nations HQ NA 68° 248° 16229 23801 65° 245° 16007 24023 72° 252° 16676 23354 58° 238° 15503 24527 67° 247° 17099 22931 39° 219° 18699 21331
4U1V Vienna Intl Ctr EU 305° 125° 15919 24111 307° 127° 15953 24077 303° 123° 15769 24261 314° 134° 15653 24377 306° 126° 15120 24910 311° 131° 13259 26771
4W Timor – Leste OC 316° 136° 3763 36267 312° 132° 3765 36265 325° 145° 3742 36288 301° 121° 3513 36517 333° 153° 3176 36854 24° 204° 2779 37251
4X Israel AS 286° 106° 14006 26024 286° 106° 14120 25910 286° 106° 13726 26304 290° 110° 14093 25937 290° 110° 13087 26943 301° 121° 11046 28984
5A Libya AF 272° 92° 15457 24573 273° 93° 15616 24414 272° 92° 15095 24935 280° 100° 15735 24295 278° 98° 14502 25528 290° 110° 12377 27653
5B Cyprus AS 289° 109° 14314 25716 290° 110° 14415 25615 289° 109° 14057 25973 294° 114° 14337 25693 294° 114° 13412 26618 304° 124° 11402 28628
5H Tanzania AF 250° 70° 11869 28161 249° 69° 12086 27944 252° 72° 11426 28604 250° 70° 12514 27516 257° 77° 10965 29065 269° 89° 8912 31118
5N Nigeria AF 243° 63° 15213 24817 243° 63° 15440 24590 245° 65° 14755 25275 248° 68° 15908 24122 253° 73° 14340 25690 269° 89° 12310 27720
5R Madagascar AF 247° 67° 9878 30152 246° 66° 10100 29930 250° 70° 9429 30601 246° 66° 10566 29464 253° 73° 8992 31038 264° 84° 6992 33038
5T Mauritania AF 236° 56° 17443 22587 236° 56° 17678 22352 238° 58° 16977 23053 249° 69° 18179 21851 250° 70° 16605 23425 270° 90° 14576 25454
5U Niger AF 254° 74° 15589 24441 255° 75° 15797 24233 255° 75° 15156 24874 261° 81° 16137 23893 263° 83° 14661 25369 277° 97° 12554 27476
5V Togo AF 235° 55° 15588 24442 235° 55° 15824 24206 238° 58° 15122 24908 240° 60° 16368 23662 246° 66° 14772 25258 264° 84° 12816 27214
5W Samoa OC 69° 249° 4573 35457 69° 249° 4354 35676 70° 250° 5020 35010 75° 255° 3946 36084 78° 258° 5476 34554 93° 273° 7551 32479
5X Uganda AF 256° 76° 12517 27513 255° 75° 12723 27307 257° 77° 12089 27941 257° 77° 13087 26943 262° 82° 11587 28443 275° 95° 9487 30543
5Z Kenya AF 258° 78° 11919 28111 257° 77° 12120 27910 260° 80° 11498 28532 258° 78° 12463 27567 264° 84° 10981 29049 277° 97° 8871 31159
6W Senegal AF 220° 40° 17258 22772 219° 39° 17497 22533 224° 44° 16799 23231 226° 46° 18148 21882 237° 57° 16561 23469 262° 82° 14690 25340
6Y Jamaica NA 100° 280° 15067 24963 97° 277° 14927 25103 106° 286° 15367 24663 90° 270° 14772 25258 108° 288° 16003 24027 136° 316° 17984 22046
7O Yemen AS 277° 97° 11988 28042 276° 96° 12135 27895 278° 98° 11657 28373 278° 98° 12248 27782 283° 103° 11041 28989 295° 115° 8941 31089
7P Lesotho AF 229° 49° 10567 29463 227° 47° 10807 29223 231° 51° 10100 29930 227° 47° 11425 28605 235° 55° 9841 30189 245° 65° 8172 31858
7Q Malawi AF 244° 64° 11269 28761 243° 63° 11496 28534 246° 66° 10812 29218 243° 63° 11991 28039 250° 70° 10405 29625 262° 82° 8435 31595
7X Algeria AF 265° 85° 16815 23215 266° 86° 16997 23033 263° 83° 16416 23614 278° 98° 17171 22859 272° 92° 15862 24168 285° 105° 13730 26300
8P Barbados NA 123° 303° 16237 23793 119° 299° 16182 23848 132° 312° 16359 23671 109° 289° 16282 23748 139° 319° 16985 23045 194° 14° 17877 22153
8Q Maldives AS 282° 102° 8986 31044 280° 100° 9118 30912 285° 105° 8689 31341 279° 99° 9200 30830 288° 108° 8054 31976 304° 124° 6015 34015
8R Guyana SA 131° 311° 15643 24387 128° 308° 15622 24408 139° 319° 15705 24325 119° 299° 15837 24193 146° 326° 16304 23726 191° 11° 17093 22937
9A Croatia EU 300° 120° 16002 24028 302° 122° 16057 23973 298° 118° 15813 24217 309° 129° 15812 24218 301° 121° 15162 24868 308° 128° 13234 26796
9G Ghana AF 231° 51° 15737 24293 231° 51° 15976 24054 234° 54° 15270 24760 235° 55° 16555 23475 243° 63° 14955 25075 262° 82° 13042 26988
9H Malta EU 285° 105° 15956 24074 286° 106° 16072 23958 283° 103° 15660 24370 294° 114° 16021 24009 288° 108° 15029 25001 297° 117° 12957 27073
9J Zambia AF 239° 59° 11830 28200 238° 58° 12063 27967 241° 61° 11366 28664 238° 58° 12601 27429 246° 66° 11003 29027 258° 78° 9098 30932
9K Kuwait AS 289° 109° 12826 27204 289° 109° 12928 27102 290° 110° 12571 27459 291° 111° 12875 27155 294° 114° 11925 28105 306° 126° 9934 30096
9L Sierra Leone AF 215° 35° 16540 23490 214° 34° 16777 23253 219° 39° 16090 23940 217° 37° 17460 22570 231° 51° 15912 24118 255° 75° 14170 25860
9M2 West Malaysia AS 302° 122° 6547 33483 299° 119° 6605 33425 307° 127° 6398 33632 294° 114° 6468 33562 311° 131° 5756 34274 338° 158° 4243 35787
9M6 East Malaysia OC 311° 131° 5629 34401 308° 128° 5650 34380 317° 137° 5556 34474 302° 122° 5415 34615 322° 142° 4946 35084 356° 176° 3859 36171
9N Nepal AS 307° 127° 9684 30346 306° 126° 9716 30314 310° 130° 9570 30460 305° 125° 9475 30555 314° 134° 8935 31095 331° 151° 7377 32653
9Q Dem. Rep. of the Congo AF 245° 65° 12973 27057 244° 64° 13199 26831 247° 67° 12517 27513 246° 66° 13676 26354 252° 72° 12099 27931 266° 86° 10092 29938
9U Burundi AF 249° 69° 12406 27624 249° 69° 12624 27406 251° 71° 11960 28070 250° 70° 13055 26975 256° 76° 11504 28526 269° 89° 9453 30577
9V Singapore AS 301° 121° 6222 33808 298° 118° 6283 33747 306° 126° 6067 33963 293° 113° 6161 33869 311° 131° 5424 34606 339° 159° 3917 36113
9X Rwanda AF 251° 71° 12503 27527 250° 70° 12719 27311 253° 73° 12061 27969 251° 71° 13137 26893 258° 78° 11595 28435 271° 91° 9532 30498
9Y Trinidad & Tobago SA 125° 305° 15880 24150 121° 301° 15831 24199 133° 313° 15995 24035 111° 291° 15956 24074 139° 319° 16620 23410 188° 8° 17600 22430
A2 Botswana AF 231° 51° 11416 28614 230° 50° 11654 28376 233° 53° 10948 29082 230° 50° 12254 27776 238° 58° 10660 29370 250° 70° 8904 31126
A3 Tonga OC 75° 255° 3807 36223 76° 256° 3602 36428 76° 256° 4238 35792 85° 265° 3289 36741 84° 264° 4740 35290 99° 279° 6854 33176
A4 Oman AS 289° 109° 11543 28487 289° 109° 11646 28384 291° 111° 11291 28739 289° 109° 11607 28423 295° 115° 10644 29386 308° 128° 8672 31358
A5 Bhutan AS 310° 130° 9317 30713 309° 129° 9338 30692 313° 133° 9226 30804 307° 127° 9068 30962 317° 137° 8599 31431 335° 155° 7137 32893
A6 United Arab Emirates AS 287° 107° 11959 28071 287° 107° 12069 27961 289° 109° 11693 28337 288° 108° 12049 27981 293° 113° 11049 28981 305° 125° 9046 30984
A7 Qatar AS 287° 107° 12279 27751 287° 107° 12390 27640 288° 108° 12010 28020 288° 108° 12371 27659 292° 112° 11368 28662 305° 125° 9358 30672
A9 Bahrain AS 288° 108° 12375 27655 287° 107° 12484 27546 289° 109° 12109 27921 289° 109° 12458 27572 293° 113° 11465 28565 305° 125° 9459 30571
AP Pakistan AS 301° 121° 11001 29029 300° 120° 11060 28970 302° 122° 10832 29198 300° 120° 10887 29143 306° 126° 10183 29847 320° 140° 8416 31614
BS7 Scarborough Reef OC 324° 144° 6504 33526 321° 141° 6470 33560 329° 149° 6533 33497 317° 137° 6074 33956 335° 155° 5984 34046 2° 182° 5232 34798
BV Taiwan AS 331° 151° 7203 32827 329° 149° 7137 32893 336° 156° 7290 32740 326° 146° 6657 33373 341° 161° 6786 33244 6° 186° 6212 33818
BV9P Pratas I. AS 326° 146° 7101 32929 324° 144° 7057 32973 331° 151° 7146 32884 320° 140° 6632 33398 336° 156° 6606 33424 1° 181° 5854 34176
BY China AS 323° 143° 9305 30725 322° 142° 9271 30759 326° 146° 9322 30708 320° 140° 8854 31176 331° 151° 8753 31277 348° 168° 7691 32339
C2 Nauru OC 29° 209° 4281 35749 28° 208° 4051 35979 34° 214° 4717 35313 29° 209° 3343 36687 44° 224° 4822 35208 67° 247° 6386 33644
C3 Andorra EU 296° 116° 17109 22921 299° 119° 17178 22852 291° 111° 16882 23148 311° 131° 16942 23088 296° 116° 16234 23796 302° 122° 14225 25805
C5 The Gambia AF 214° 34° 17182 22848 213° 33° 17418 22612 219° 39° 16733 23297 217° 37° 18103 21927 233° 53° 16547 23483 258° 78° 14752 25278
C6 Bahamas NA 93° 273° 15531 24499 90° 270° 15368 24662 99° 279° 15871 24159 83° 263° 15126 24904 100° 280° 16484 23546 123° 303° 18572 21458
C9 Mozambique AF 241° 61° 10877 29153 240° 60° 11108 28922 243° 63° 10416 29614 240° 60° 11628 28402 247° 67° 10033 29997 259° 79° 8110 31920
CE Chile SA 145° 325° 11630 28400 143° 323° 11670 28360 148° 328° 11599 28431 141° 321° 12093 27937 153° 333° 12156 27874 173° 353° 13090 26940
CE0X San Felix & San Ambrosio SA 136° 316° 11438 28592 134° 314° 11441 28589 139° 319° 11481 28549 132° 312° 11770 28260 144° 324° 12084 27946 164° 344° 13324 26706
CE0Y Easter I. SA 119° 299° 9253 30777 118° 298° 9186 30844 121° 301° 9438 30592 117° 297° 9332 30698 124° 304° 10088 29942 139° 319° 11888 28142
CE0Z Juan Fernandez Is. SA 141° 321° 10875 29155 140° 320° 10901 29129 144° 324° 10874 29156 138° 318° 11295 28735 149° 329° 11453 28577 167° 347° 12566 27464
CE9 Antarctica SA 180° 360° 6086 33944 180° 360° 6257 33773 180° 360° 5803 34227 180° 360° 6952 33078 180° 360° 6123 33907 180° 360° 6456 33574
CM Cuba NA 94° 274° 15026 25004 92° 272° 14867 25163 100° 280° 15361 24669 85° 265° 14646 25384 101° 281° 15977 24053 123° 303° 18061 21969
CN Morocco AF 269° 89° 17599 22431 272° 92° 17766 22264 266° 86° 17213 22817 289° 109° 17840 22190 275° 95° 16644 23386 287° 107° 14513 25517
CP Bolivia SA 142° 322° 13179 26851 140° 320° 13208 26822 147° 327° 13163 26867 136° 316° 13591 26439 153° 333° 13724 26306 179° 359° 14573 25457
CT Portugal EU 290° 110° 17946 22084 295° 115° 18036 21994 283° 103° 17668 22362 312° 132° 17814 22216 290° 110° 17034 22996 296° 116° 14961 25069
CT3 Madeira Is. AF 262° 82° 18703 21327 268° 88° 18886 21144 256° 76° 18283 21747 304° 124° 18889 21141 271° 91° 17752 22278 284° 104° 15620 24410
CU Azores EU 321° 141° 19515 20515 344° 164° 19439 20591 281° 101° 19326 20704 1° 181° 18767 21263 293° 113° 18690 21340 293° 113° 16608 23422
CX Uruguay SA 158° 338° 11985 28045 156° 336° 12078 27952 162° 342° 11848 28182 154° 334° 12624 27406 167° 347° 12308 27722 187° 7° 12744 27286
CY0 Sable I. NA 60° 240° 17365 22665 58° 238° 17133 22897 64° 244° 17827 22203 49° 229° 16558 23472 52° 232° 18143 21887 346° 166° 18632 21398
CY9 St. Paul I. NA 53° 233° 17272 22758 51° 231° 17034 22996 55° 235° 17739 22291 44° 224° 16416 23614 44° 224° 17964 22066 349° 169° 18304 21726
D2 Angola AF 234° 54° 12588 27442 233° 53° 12825 27205 236° 56° 12121 27909 234° 54° 13400 26630 242° 62° 11801 28229 256° 76° 9956 30074
D4 Cape Verde AF 199° 19° 17766 22264 196° 16° 17980 22050 207° 27° 17359 22671 194° 14° 18703 21327 224° 44° 17290 22740 256° 76° 15602 24428
D6 Comoros AF 251° 71° 10656 29374 250° 70° 10871 29159 254° 74° 10216 29814 250° 70° 11294 28736 257° 77° 9747 30283 269° 89° 7692 32338
DL Fed. Rep. of Germany EU 311° 131° 16329 23701 313° 133° 16338 23692 307° 127° 16220 23810 320° 140° 15966 24064 310° 130° 15578 24452 313° 133° 13773 26257
DU Philippines OC 327° 147° 6080 33950 324° 144° 6033 33997 332° 152° 6137 33893 319° 139° 5609 34421 339° 159° 5611 34419 8° 188° 5039 34991
E3 Eritrea AF 271° 91° 12775 27255 271° 91° 12939 27091 273° 93° 12412 27618 273° 93° 13114 26916 277° 97° 11820 28210 290° 110° 9694 30336
E4 Palestine AS 286° 106° 14053 25977 286° 106° 14168 25862 286° 106° 13770 26260 290° 110° 14143 25887 290° 110° 13132 26898 301° 121° 11088 28942
E5/N North Cook Is. OC 73° 253° 5751 34279 73° 253° 5541 34489 75° 255° 6187 33843 77° 257° 5169 34861 81° 261° 6674 33356 95° 275° 8769 31261
E5/S South Cook Is. OC 89° 269° 5314 34716 89° 269° 5142 34888 89° 269° 5692 34338 94° 274° 4961 35069 95° 275° 6269 33761 107° 287° 8401 31629
E6 Niue OC 77° 257° 4403 35627 77° 257° 4201 35829 77° 257° 4829 35201 84° 264° 3890 36140 85° 265° 5339 34691 99° 279° 7456 32574
E7 Bosnia-Herzegovina EU 299° 119° 15820 24210 301° 121° 15880 24150 297° 117° 15622 24408 307° 127° 15656 24374 301° 121° 14971 25059 307° 127° 13033 26997
EA Spain EU 292° 112° 17672 22358 296° 116° 17756 22274 286° 106° 17409 22621 311° 131° 17536 22494 292° 112° 16770 23260 298° 118° 14713 25317
EA6 Balearic Is. EU 289° 109° 17008 23022 292° 112° 17104 22926 285° 105° 16737 23293 304° 124° 16953 23077 291° 111° 16098 23932 298° 118° 14043 25987
EA8 Canary Is. AF 246° 66° 18351 21679 248° 68° 18573 21457 245° 65° 17895 22135 276° 96° 18876 21154 260° 80° 17447 22583 278° 98° 15343 24687
EA9 Ceuta & Melilla AF 279° 99° 17705 22325 283° 103° 17837 22193 275° 95° 17369 22661 300° 120° 17766 22264 283° 103° 16760 23270 292° 112° 14649 25381
EI Ireland EU 325° 145° 17343 22687 329° 149° 17292 22738 318° 138° 17334 22696 337° 157° 16764 23266 318° 138° 16717 23313 315° 135° 15012 25018
EK Armenia AS 300° 120° 13544 26486 300° 120° 13605 26425 300° 120° 13361 26669 303° 123° 13413 26617 303° 123° 12711 27319 313° 133° 10852 29178
EL Liberia AF 219° 39° 16141 23889 218° 38° 16380 23650 223° 43° 15683 24347 222° 42° 17042 22988 233° 53° 15474 24556 256° 76° 13703 26327
EP Iran AS 294° 114° 12490 27540 294° 114° 12573 27457 295° 115° 12271 27759 296° 116° 12461 27569 299° 119° 11620 28410 311° 131° 9703 30327
ER Moldova EU 304° 124° 14963 25067 305° 125° 15004 25026 303° 123° 14808 25222 310° 130° 14738 25292 306° 126° 14160 25870 313° 133° 12322 27708
ES Estonia EU 321° 141° 15229 24801 323° 143° 15198 24832 319° 139° 15209 24821 327° 147° 14746 25284 321° 141° 14601 25429 325° 145° 13054 26976
ET Ethiopia AF 266° 86° 12407 27623 265° 85° 12588 27442 267° 87° 12019 28011 267° 87° 12834 27196 272° 92° 11453 28577 285° 105° 9321 30709
EU Belarus EU 314° 134° 15085 24945 315° 135° 15084 24946 312° 132° 15006 25024 319° 139° 14709 25321 315° 135° 14375 25655 320° 140° 12695 27335
EX Kyrgyzstan AS 312° 132° 11462 28568 312° 132° 11472 28558 314° 134° 11382 28648 312° 132° 11158 28872 317° 137° 10757 29273 330° 150° 9236 30794
EY Tajikistan AS 309° 129° 11478 28552 308° 128° 11503 28527 310° 130° 11368 28662 308° 128° 11231 28799 314° 134° 10733 29297 326° 146° 9121 30909
EZ Turenistan AS 302° 122° 12409 27621 302° 122° 12461 27569 303° 123° 12248 27782 303° 123° 12255 27775 307° 127° 11600 28430 318° 138° 9817 30213
F France EU 304° 124° 17022 23008 307° 127° 17061 22969 299° 119° 16849 23181 317° 137° 16745 23285 302° 122° 16199 23831 306° 126° 14261 25769
FG Guadeloupe NA 117° 297° 16293 23737 113° 293° 16213 23817 125° 305° 16465 23565 102° 282° 16231 23799 131° 311° 17108 22922 189° 9° 18240 21790
FH Mayotte AF 251° 71° 10412 29618 250° 70° 10627 29403 254° 74° 9973 30057 250° 70° 11050 28980 257° 77° 9502 30528 269° 89° 7448 32582
FJ St. Barthelemy NA 113° 293° 16322 23708 109° 289° 16227 23803 122° 302° 16523 23507 98° 278° 16199 23831 126° 306° 17172 22858 185° 5° 18449 21581
FK New Caledonia OC 50° 230° 2210 37820 50° 230° 1971 38059 53° 233° 2677 37353 65° 245° 1424 38606 67° 247° 3013 37017 89° 269° 5020 35010
FK/C Chesterfield Is. OC 30° 210° 1935 38095 27° 207° 1704 38326 37° 217° 2376 37654 34° 214° 1002 39028 54° 234° 2557 37473 83° 263° 4421 35609
FM Martinique NA 120° 300° 16238 23792 116° 296° 16168 23862 128° 308° 16390 23640 105° 285° 16222 23808 134° 314° 17028 23002 190° 10° 18073 21957
FO French Polynesia OC 89° 269° 6323 33707 89° 269° 6152 33878 90° 270° 6698 33332 92° 272° 5960 34070 95° 275° 7279 32751 107° 287° 9409 30621
FO/A Austral Is. OC 95° 275° 6004 34026 95° 275° 5852 34178 96° 276° 6349 33681 99° 279° 5740 34290 101° 281° 6955 33075 112° 292° 9069 30961
FO/C Clipperton I. NA 88° 268° 11718 28312 87° 267° 11543 28487 91° 271° 12092 27938 84° 264° 11290 28740 94° 274° 12674 27356 107° 287° 14805 25225
FO/M Marquesas Is. OC 86° 266° 7697 32333 86° 266° 7518 32512 88° 268° 8083 31947 87° 267° 7277 32753 92° 272° 8652 31378 105° 285° 10784 29246
FP St. Pierre & Miquelon NA 51° 231° 17552 22478 49° 229° 17313 22717 53° 233° 18019 22011 42° 222° 16684 23346 39° 219° 18208 21822 340° 160° 18233 21797
FR Reunion I. AF 251° 71° 8986 31044 249° 69° 9203 30827 253° 73° 8545 31485 248° 68° 9642 30388 256° 76° 8082 31948 266° 86° 6052 33978
FS St. Martin NA 113° 293° 16318 23712 109° 289° 16221 23809 121° 301° 16522 23508 98° 278° 16187 23843 126° 306° 17171 22859 184° 4° 18470 21560
FT/G Glorioso Is. AF 254° 74° 10317 29713 253° 73° 10527 29503 256° 76° 9884 30146 252° 72° 10926 29104 260° 80° 9396 30634 271° 91° 7321 32709
FT/J Juan de Nova, Europa AF 247° 67° 10333 29697 246° 66° 10556 29474 249° 69° 9882 30148 245° 65° 11027 29003 253° 73° 9451 30579 264° 84° 7454 32576
FT/T Tromelin I. AF 254° 74° 9403 30627 253° 73° 9613 30417 257° 77° 8973 31057 252° 72° 10011 30019 260° 80° 8480 31550 271° 91° 6405 33625
FT/W Crozet I. AF 227° 47° 7756 32274 226° 46° 7996 32034 229° 49° 7291 32739 224° 44° 8630 31400 230° 50° 7065 32965 234° 54° 5595 34435
FT/X Kerguelen Is. AF 230° 50° 6448 33582 228° 48° 6687 33343 232° 52° 5981 34049 226° 46° 7306 32724 232° 52° 5732 34298 230° 50° 4290 35740
FT/Z Amsterdam & St. Paul Is. AF 245° 65° 6237 33793 243° 63° 6464 33566 248° 68° 5782 34248 239° 59° 6974 33056 248° 68° 5379 34651 248° 68° 3533 36497
FW Wallis & Futuna Is. OC 64° 244° 4244 35786 64° 244° 4017 36013 65° 245° 4701 35329 70° 250° 3558 36472 74° 254° 5120 34910 90° 270° 7161 32869
FY French Guiana SA 142° 322° 15860 24170 138° 318° 15883 24147 150° 330° 15836 24194 129° 309° 16215 23815 158° 338° 16372 23658 203° 23° 16699 23331
G England EU 319° 139° 17000 23030 322° 142° 16973 23057 314° 134° 16949 23081 330° 150° 16504 23526 315° 135° 16320 23710 315° 135° 14575 25455
GD Isle of Man EU 324° 144° 17088 22942 327° 147° 17041 22989 318° 138° 17075 22955 335° 155° 16528 23502 319° 139° 16459 23571 317° 137° 14774 25256
GI Northern Ireland EU 327° 147° 17163 22867 330° 150° 17105 22925 321° 141° 17170 22860 337° 157° 16569 23461 320° 140° 16563 23467 317° 137° 14908 25122
GJ Jersey EU 313° 133° 17216 22814 316° 136° 17216 22814 306° 126° 17108 22922 325° 145° 16802 23228 309° 129° 16464 23566 310° 130° 14611 25419
GM Scotland EU 328° 148° 16895 23135 331° 151° 16831 23199 323° 143° 16919 23111 337° 157° 16290 23740 323° 143° 16323 23707 320° 140° 14731 25299
GM/S Shetland Is. EU 332° 152° 16516 23514 335° 155° 16437 23593 328° 148° 16576 23454 340° 160° 15874 24156 328° 148° 16004 24026 325° 145° 14537 25493
GU Guernsey EU 313° 133° 17232 22798 317° 137° 17230 22800 307° 127° 17130 22900 326° 146° 16808 23222 309° 129° 16487 23543 310° 130° 14641 25389
GW Wales EU 320° 140° 17160 22870 323° 143° 17130 22900 314° 134° 17111 22919 331° 151° 16651 23379 315° 135° 16482 23548 314° 134° 14728 25302
H4 Solomon Is. OC 23° 203° 3123 36907 21° 201° 2901 37129 29° 209° 3541 36489 21° 201° 2181 37849 42° 222° 3612 36418 71° 251° 5205 34825
H40 Temotu Province OC 36° 216° 3208 36822 34° 214° 2972 37058 40° 220° 3660 36370 38° 218° 2292 37738 52° 232° 3848 36182 77° 257° 5623 34407
HA Hungary EU 304° 124° 15698 24332 305° 125° 15740 24290 301° 121° 15535 24495 311° 131° 15465 24565 305° 125° 14886 25144 311° 131° 13010 27020
HB Switzerland EU 304° 124° 16544 23486 306° 126° 16583 23447 300° 120° 16378 23652 315° 135° 16281 23749 303° 123° 15727 24303 308° 128° 13817 26213
HB0 Liechtenstein EU 304° 124° 16431 23599 307° 127° 16469 23561 301° 121° 16268 23762 315° 135° 16168 23862 304° 124° 15618 24412 309° 129° 13716 26314
HC Ecuador SA 119° 299° 13619 26411 117° 297° 13551 26479 124° 304° 13789 26241 112° 292° 13654 26376 128° 308° 14435 25595 155° 335° 16015 24015
HC8 Galapagos Is. SA 109° 289° 12618 27412 107° 287° 12512 27518 113° 293° 12864 27166 103° 283° 12502 27528 117° 297° 13513 26517 137° 317° 15406 24624
HH Haiti NA 103° 283° 15587 24443 100° 280° 15456 24574 110° 290° 15865 24165 92° 272° 15326 24704 112° 292° 16508 23522 149° 329° 18368 21662
HI Dominican Republic NA 104° 284° 15726 24304 101° 281° 15599 24431 111° 291° 15996 24034 92° 272° 15478 24552 114° 294° 16642 23388 154° 334° 18447 21583
HK Colombia SA 117° 297° 14465 25565 114° 294° 14388 25642 123° 303° 14646 25384 108° 288° 14453 25577 127° 307° 15293 24737 159° 339° 16848 23182
HK0/A San Andres & Providencia NA 103° 283° 14339 25691 101° 281° 14210 25820 109° 289° 14619 25411 95° 275° 14107 25923 111° 291° 15261 24769 136° 316° 17209 22821
HK0/M Malpelo I. SA 112° 292° 13763 26267 109° 289° 13666 26364 117° 297° 13986 26044 104° 284° 13675 26355 121° 301° 14637 25393 146° 326° 16412 23618
HL Republic of Korea AS 342° 162° 8248 31782 341° 161° 8139 31891 346° 166° 8418 31612 338° 158° 7558 32472 351° 171° 7991 32039 10° 190° 7683 32347
HP Panama NA 108° 288° 14252 25778 106° 286° 14141 25889 114° 294° 14499 25531 100° 280° 14099 25931 117° 297° 15148 24882 144° 324° 16984 23046
HR Honduras NA 97° 277° 14020 26010 95° 275° 13871 26159 102° 282° 14341 25689 90° 270° 13698 26332 104° 284° 14965 25065 124° 304° 17029 23001
HS Thailand AS 306° 126° 7439 32591 304° 124° 7477 32553 311° 131° 7323 32707 301° 121° 7272 32758 315° 135° 6690 33340 338° 158° 5243 34787
HV Vatican City EU 294° 114° 16218 23812 296° 116° 16296 23734 292° 112° 15986 24044 305° 125° 16113 23917 296° 116° 15338 24692 303° 123° 13341 26689
HZ Saudi Arabia AS 283° 103° 12862 27168 282° 102° 12989 27041 284° 104° 12563 27467 285° 105° 13020 27010 288° 108° 11930 28100 300° 120° 9869 30161
I Italy EU 296° 116° 16214 23816 298° 118° 16285 23745 293° 113° 15993 24037 306° 126° 16083 23947 298° 118° 15344 24686 304° 124° 13363 26667
IG9 African Italy AF 284° 104° 16105 23925 285° 105° 16224 23806 282° 102° 15803 24227 294° 114° 16179 23851 287° 107° 15174 24856 297° 117° 13096 26934
IS Sardinia EU 291° 111° 16473 23557 293° 113° 16564 23466 288° 108° 16216 23814 302° 122° 16415 23615 293° 113° 15573 24457 301° 121° 13540 26490
IT9 Sicily EU 287° 107° 16028 24002 289° 109° 16136 23894 285° 105° 15749 24281 297° 117° 16049 23981 290° 110° 15112 24918 299° 119° 13057 26973
J2 Djibouti AF 270° 90° 12274 27756 270° 90° 12442 27588 272° 92° 11907 28123 271° 91° 12635 27395 276° 96° 11319 28711 289° 109° 9190 30840
J3 Grenada NA 122° 302° 15989 24041 118° 298° 15930 24100 130° 310° 16124 23906 108° 288° 16021 24009 136° 316° 16756 23274 187° 7° 17798 22232
J5 Guinea-Bissau AF 216° 36° 16965 23065 214° 34° 17202 22828 220° 40° 16513 23517 219° 39° 17880 22150 233° 53° 16319 23711 258° 78° 14525 25505
J6 St. Lucia NA 121° 301° 16177 23853 117° 297° 16112 23918 129° 309° 16321 23709 106° 286° 16181 23849 135° 315° 16956 23074 190° 10° 17981 22049
J7 Dominica NA 118° 298° 16267 23763 114° 294° 16192 23838 127° 307° 16430 23600 104° 284° 16228 23802 132° 312° 17070 22960 189° 9° 18158 21872
J8 St. Vincent NA 121° 301° 16112 23918 117° 297° 16050 23980 130° 310° 16252 23778 107° 287° 16128 23902 136° 316° 16886 23144 189° 9° 17914 22116
JA Japan AS 351° 171° 8047 31983 349° 169° 7907 32123 355° 175° 8280 31750 347° 167° 7267 32763 360° 180° 7932 32098 19° 199° 7952 32078
JD/M Minami Torishima AS 5° 185° 6641 33389 3° 183° 6458 33572 9° 189° 6968 33062 1° 181° 5756 34274 16° 196° 6780 33250 38° 218° 7446 32584
JD/O Ogasawara AS 353° 173° 6968 33062 351° 171° 6821 33209 357° 177° 7218 32812 348° 168° 6173 33857 4° 184° 6903 33127 26° 206° 7127 32903
JT Mongolia AS 330° 150° 10256 29774 329° 149° 10194 29836 332° 152° 10324 29706 328° 148° 9706 30324 336° 156° 9789 30241 351° 171° 8859 31171
JW Svalbard EU 348° 168° 14779 25251 349° 169° 14645 25385 347° 167° 14974 25056 350° 170° 13999 26031 347° 167° 14533 25497 346° 166° 13700 26330
JW/B Bear I. EU 343° 163° 14923 25107 344° 164° 14806 25224 342° 162° 15082 24948 346° 166° 14186 25844 342° 162° 14601 25429 342° 162° 13616 26414
JX Jan Mayen EU 348° 168° 15820 24210 349° 169° 15684 24346 346° 166° 16011 24019 352° 172° 15032 24998 344° 164° 15554 24476 339° 159° 14558 25472
JY Jordan AS 286° 106° 13860 26170 287° 107° 13973 26057 287° 107° 13584 26446 290° 110° 13942 26088 291° 111° 12944 27086 302° 122° 10909 29121
K United States NA 68° 248° 14665 25365 67° 247° 14445 25585 72° 252° 15111 24919 62° 242° 13962 26068 71° 251° 15549 24481 68° 248° 17432 22598
KG4 Guantanamo Bay NA 100° 280° 15393 24637 97° 277° 15251 24779 106° 286° 15695 24335 89° 269° 15085 24945 108° 288° 16330 23700 138° 318° 18302 21728
KH0 Mariana Is. OC 356° 176° 5621 34409 353° 173° 5467 34563 1° 181° 5893 34137 350° 170° 4809 35221 9° 189° 5623 34407 36° 216° 6129 33901
KH1 Baker & Howland Is. OC 50° 230° 5332 34698 50° 230° 5093 34937 53° 233° 5799 34231 52° 232° 4500 35530 61° 241° 6098 33932 78° 258° 7958 32072
KH2 Guam OC 354° 174° 5429 34601 352° 172° 5279 34751 360° 180° 5691 34339 348° 168° 4630 35400 8° 188° 5410 34620 36° 216° 5900 34130
KH3 Johnston I. OC 44° 224° 7240 32790 43° 223° 7000 33030 47° 227° 7703 32327 44° 224° 6358 33672 53° 233° 7930 32100 68° 248° 9601 30429
KH4 Midway I. OC 31° 211° 7885 32145 30° 210° 7652 32378 34° 214° 8323 31707 29° 209° 6949 33081 39° 219° 8404 31626 54° 234° 9720 30310
KH5 Palmyra & Jarvis Is. OC 58° 238° 6848 33182 58° 238° 6615 33415 61° 241° 7312 32718 59° 239° 6081 33949 66° 246° 7677 32353 81° 261° 9609 30421
KH5K Kingman Reef OC 58° 238° 6865 33165 57° 237° 6631 33399 60° 240° 7330 32700 59° 239° 6091 33939 66° 246° 7688 32342 80° 260° 9610 30420
KH6 Hawaii OC 51° 231° 8424 31606 50° 230° 8185 31845 53° 233° 8891 31139 50° 230° 7583 32447 58° 238° 9176 30854 70° 250° 10930 29100
KH7K Kure I. OC 30° 210° 7934 32096 29° 209° 7702 32328 33° 213° 8369 31661 28° 208° 6996 33034 38° 218° 8440 31590 53° 233° 9727 30303
KH8 American Samoa OC 70° 250° 4624 35406 70° 250° 4408 35622 71° 251° 5069 34961 76° 256° 4014 36016 79° 259° 5534 34496 94° 274° 7617 32413
KH8/S Swains I. OC 66° 246° 4814 35216 66° 246° 4590 35440 67° 247° 5268 34762 71° 251° 4148 35882 75° 255° 5701 34329 91° 271° 7752 32278
KH9 Wake I. OC 20° 200° 6341 33689 18° 198° 6124 33906 24° 204° 6741 33289 17° 197° 5401 34629 31° 211° 6715 33315 51° 231° 7851 32179
KL Alaska NA 27° 207° 12107 27923 26° 206° 11879 28151 28° 208° 12529 27501 24° 204° 11165 28865 30° 210° 12524 27506 33° 213° 13356 26674
KP1 Navassa I. NA 102° 282° 15300 24730 99° 279° 15164 24866 108° 288° 15588 24442 91° 271° 15024 25006 110° 290° 16228 23802 142° 322° 18157 21873
KP2 US Virgin Is. NA 111° 291° 16145 23885 108° 288° 16044 23986 119° 299° 16361 23669 97° 277° 15999 24031 124° 304° 17011 23019 177° 357° 18434 21596
KP4 Puerto Rico NA 109° 289° 16026 24004 105° 285° 15916 24114 117° 297° 16259 23771 96° 276° 15847 24183 120° 300° 16910 23120 170° 350° 18466 21564
KP5 Desecheo I. NA 108° 288° 15905 24125 104° 284° 15791 24239 115° 295° 16147 23883 95° 275° 15712 24318 119° 299° 16797 23233 165° 345° 18429 21601
LA Norway EU 328° 148° 16010 24020 330° 150° 15949 24081 325° 145° 16039 23991 334° 154° 15427 24603 325° 145° 15453 24577 325° 145° 13966 26064
LU Argentina SA 151° 331° 11416 28614 150° 330° 11482 28548 154° 334° 11335 28695 147° 327° 11970 28060 159° 339° 11852 28178 178° 358° 12592 27438
LX Luxembourg EU 310° 130° 16630 23400 313° 133° 16641 23389 306° 126° 16513 23517 321° 141° 16268 23762 309° 129° 15868 24162 311° 131° 14033 25997
LY Lithuania EU 316° 136° 15357 24673 318° 138° 15347 24683 314° 134° 15295 24735 322° 142° 14943 25087 316° 136° 14669 25361 320° 140° 13014 27016
LZ Bulgaria EU 298° 118° 15200 24830 299° 119° 15267 24763 296° 116° 14996 25034 304° 124° 15073 24957 300° 120° 14346 25684 308° 128° 12410 27620
OA Peru SA 128° 308° 13103 26927 126° 306° 13071 26959 133° 313° 13205 26825 121° 301° 13289 26741 137° 317° 13832 26198 163° 343° 15184 24846
OD Lebanon AS 289° 109° 14026 26004 290° 110° 14127 25903 289° 109° 13766 26264 293° 113° 14059 25971 293° 113° 13122 26908 304° 124° 11113 28917
OE Austria EU 304° 124° 16147 23883 306° 126° 16186 23844 301° 121° 15985 24045 313° 133° 15894 24136 304° 124° 15335 24695 310° 130° 13446 26584
OH Finland EU 328° 148° 15032 24998 329° 149° 14974 25056 326° 146° 15067 24963 332° 152° 14467 25563 327° 147° 14488 25542 330° 150° 13101 26929
OH0 Aland Is. EU 324° 144° 15462 24568 325° 145° 15420 24610 321° 141° 15459 24571 329° 149° 14944 25086 323° 143° 14858 25172 325° 145° 13338 26692
OJ0 Market Reef EU 324° 144° 15539 24491 325° 145° 15497 24533 321° 141° 15536 24494 329° 149° 15019 25011 323° 143° 14935 25095 325° 145° 13409 26621
OK Czech Republic EU 308° 128° 15927 24103 310° 130° 15948 24082 306° 126° 15799 24231 317° 137° 15615 24415 308° 128° 15154 24876 313° 133° 13334 26696
OM Slovak Republic EU 307° 127° 15645 24385 308° 128° 15674 24356 304° 124° 15505 24525 314° 134° 15367 24663 307° 127° 14858 25172 313° 133° 13026 27004
ON Belgium EU 312° 132° 16687 23343 315° 135° 16691 23339 308° 128° 16583 23447 323° 143° 16298 23732 310° 130° 15941 24089 312° 132° 14125 25905
OX Greenland NA 5° 185° 15660 24370 6° 186° 15473 24557 4° 184° 15970 24060 6° 186° 14761 25269 1° 181° 15671 24359 352° 172° 15187 24843
OY Faroe Is. EU 338° 158° 16599 23431 340° 160° 16498 23532 334° 154° 16705 23325 345° 165° 15895 24135 332° 152° 16162 23868 327° 147° 14795 25235
OZ Denmark EU 320° 140° 16177 23853 322° 142° 16150 23880 316° 136° 16137 23893 328° 148° 15697 24333 318° 138° 15517 24513 319° 139° 13859 26171
P2 Papua New Guinea OC 355° 175° 2873 37157 351° 171° 2723 37307 4° 184° 3156 36874 342° 162° 2093 37937 19° 199° 2957 37073 59° 239° 4069 35961
P4 Aruba SA 113° 293° 15350 24680 110° 290° 15256 24774 120° 300° 15559 24471 102° 282° 15252 24778 124° 304° 16209 23821 163° 343° 17776 22254
P5 DPR of Korea AS 342° 162° 8667 31363 341° 161° 8558 31472 346° 166° 8835 31195 339° 159° 7975 32055 350° 170° 8404 31626 8° 188° 8047 31983
PA Netherlands EU 315° 135° 16592 23438 317° 137° 16585 23445 311° 131° 16510 23520 325° 145° 16168 23862 312° 132° 15873 24157 314° 134° 14103 25927
PJ2 Curacao SA 114° 294° 15406 24624 111° 291° 15317 24713 121° 301° 15605 24425 103° 283° 15328 24702 125° 305° 16254 23776 166° 346° 17761 22269
PJ4 Bonaire SA 115° 295° 15470 24560 112° 292° 15384 24646 122° 302° 15663 24367 103° 283° 15401 24629 126° 306° 16312 23718 168° 348° 17780 22250
PJ5 Saba & St. Eustatius NA 113° 293° 16277 23753 109° 289° 16183 23847 122° 302° 16477 23553 99° 279° 16159 23871 126° 306° 17126 22904 184° 4° 18414 21616
PJ7 Sint Maarten NA 113° 293° 16314 23716 109° 289° 16217 23813 121° 301° 16518 23512 98° 278° 16183 23847 126° 306° 17168 22862 184° 4° 18469 21561
PY Brazil SA 151° 331° 14470 25560 148° 328° 14533 25497 157° 337° 14380 25650 142° 322° 14991 25039 164° 344° 14871 25159 196° 16° 15204 24826
PY0F Fernando de Noronha SA 178° 358° 15662 24368 174° 354° 15821 24209 184° 4° 15375 24655 170° 350° 16482 23548 194° 14° 15602 24428 226° 46° 14814 25216
PY0S St. Peter & St. Paul SA 183° 3° 16088 23942 180° 360° 16265 23765 190° 10° 15765 24265 176° 356° 16952 23078 201° 21° 15923 24107 233° 53° 14895 25135
PY0T Trindade & Martim Vaz SA 182° 2° 13811 26219 180° 360° 13985 26045 186° 6° 13503 26527 177° 357° 14674 25356 194° 14° 13721 26309 217° 37° 13106 26924
PZ Suriname SA 138° 318° 15684 24346 134° 314° 15689 24341 145° 325° 15694 24336 125° 305° 15979 24051 153° 333° 16260 23770 197° 17° 16795 23235
R1FJ Franz Josef Land EU 349° 169° 14036 25994 349° 169° 13901 26129 348° 168° 14237 25793 350° 170° 13255 26775 349° 169° 13811 26219 350° 170° 13096 26934
S0 Western Sahara AF 239° 59° 18011 22019 240° 60° 18243 21787 240° 60° 17547 22483 260° 80° 18674 21356 254° 74° 17145 22885 274° 94° 15077 24953
S2 Bangladesh AS 307° 127° 9097 30933 306° 126° 9129 30901 311° 131° 8985 31045 304° 124° 8893 31137 315° 135° 8351 31679 333° 153° 6828 33202
S5 Slovenia EU 302° 122° 16103 23927 304° 124° 16151 23879 299° 119° 15923 24107 311° 131° 15887 24143 302° 122° 15273 24757 308° 128° 13357 26673
S7 Seychelles AF 264° 84° 10039 29991 263° 83° 10225 29805 267° 87° 9645 30385 262° 82° 10511 29519 270° 90° 9087 30943 282° 102° 6957 33073
S9 Sao Tome & Principe AF 233° 53° 14519 25511 232° 52° 14756 25274 236° 56° 14052 25978 235° 55° 15328 24702 243° 63° 13728 26302 260° 80° 11833 28197
SM Sweden EU 327° 147° 15728 24302 328° 148° 15674 24356 324° 144° 15747 24283 332° 152° 15168 24862 325° 145° 15156 24874 326° 146° 13670 26360
SP Poland EU 312° 132° 15716 24314 313° 133° 15724 24306 309° 129° 15617 24413 319° 139° 15358 24672 312° 132° 14978 25052 316° 136° 13223 26807
ST Sudan AF 265° 85° 13684 26346 264° 84° 13868 26162 266° 86° 13289 26741 268° 88° 14114 25916 271° 91° 12732 27298 284° 104° 10600 29430
SU Egypt AF 277° 97° 14329 25701 278° 98° 14473 25557 277° 97° 13996 26034 282° 102° 14551 25479 283° 103° 13382 26648 294° 114° 11278 28752
SV Greece EU 293° 113° 15411 24619 294° 114° 15498 24532 291° 111° 15170 24860 300° 120° 15362 24668 295° 115° 14523 25507 304° 124° 12526 27504
SV5 Dodecanese EU 289° 109° 14790 25240 290° 110° 14891 25139 289° 109° 14529 25501 295° 115° 14809 25221 293° 113° 13886 26144 303° 123° 11866 28164
SV9 Crete EU 287° 107° 15032 24998 288° 108° 15141 24889 286° 106° 14755 25275 293° 113° 15082 24948 291° 111° 14116 25914 301° 121° 12072 27958
SV/A Mount Athos EU 293° 113° 15231 24799 294° 114° 15315 24715 292° 112° 14996 25034 300° 120° 15172 24858 296° 116° 14348 25682 305° 125° 12363 27667
T2 Tuvalu OC 53° 233° 4266 35764 52° 232° 4028 36002 55° 235° 4733 35297 57° 237° 3464 36566 64° 244° 5063 34967 83° 263° 6998 33032
T30 Western Kiribati OC 36° 216° 4775 35255 35° 215° 4538 35492 40° 220° 5227 34803 37° 217° 3858 36172 49° 229° 5396 34634 70° 250° 7052 32978
T31 Central Kiribati OC 57° 237° 5408 34622 57° 237° 5174 34856 59° 239° 5873 34157 60° 240° 4638 35392 67° 247° 6233 33797 83° 263° 8184 31846
T32 Eastern Kiribati OC 65° 245° 6912 33118 65° 245° 6687 33343 67° 247° 7366 32664 67° 247° 6220 33810 73° 253° 7791 32239 87° 267° 9809 30221
T33 Banaba I. OC 33° 213° 4369 35661 32° 212° 4134 35896 37° 217° 4814 35216 33° 213° 3441 36589 47° 227° 4959 35071 70° 250° 6590 33440
T5 Somalia AF 264° 84° 11386 28644 263° 83° 11573 28457 266° 86° 10989 29041 263° 83° 11854 28176 270° 90° 10435 29595 282° 102° 8305 31725
T7 San Marino EU 298° 118° 16227 23803 300° 120° 16290 23740 295° 115° 16021 24009 308° 128° 16064 23966 299° 119° 15370 24660 306° 126° 13410 26620
T8 Palau OC 339° 159° 4991 35039 336° 156° 4896 35134 346° 166° 5148 34882 330° 150° 4365 35665 354° 174° 4733 35297 28° 208° 4806 35224
TA Asiatic Turkey AS 295° 115° 14243 25787 296° 116° 14320 25710 295° 115° 14027 26003 300° 120° 14170 25860 299° 119° 13376 26654 308° 128° 11437 28593
TA1 European Turkey EU 296° 116° 14845 25185 297° 117° 14919 25111 295° 115° 14630 25400 302° 122° 14753 25277 299° 119° 13980 26050 308° 128° 12033 27997
TF Iceland EU 350° 170° 16632 23398 352° 172° 16490 23540 346° 166° 16829 23201 354° 174° 15825 24205 342° 162° 16365 23665 334° 154° 15243 24787
TG Guatemala NA 94° 274° 13752 26278 92° 272° 13595 26435 99° 279° 14089 25941 88° 268° 13394 26636 101° 281° 14703 25327 118° 298° 16799 23231
TI Costa Rica NA 104° 284° 13971 26059 102° 282° 13846 26184 109° 289° 14246 25784 96° 276° 13759 26271 112° 292° 14890 25140 136° 316° 16833 23197
TI9 Cocos I. NA 106° 286° 13402 26628 104° 284° 13285 26745 111° 291° 13665 26365 99° 279° 13231 26799 114° 294° 14311 25719 136° 316° 16232 23798
TJ Cameroon AF 243° 63° 14525 25505 242° 62° 14752 25278 245° 65° 14066 25964 246° 66° 15234 24796 252° 72° 13658 26372 267° 87° 11644 28386
TK Corsica EU 294° 114° 16505 23525 297° 117° 16582 23448 291° 111° 16271 23759 306° 126° 16390 23640 296° 116° 15624 24406 303° 123° 13619 26411
TL Central African Republic AF 251° 71° 13917 26113 251° 71° 14132 25898 253° 73° 13476 26554 254° 74° 14531 25499 259° 79° 13004 27026 273° 93° 10926 29104
TN Republic of the Congo AF 240° 60° 13750 26280 240° 60° 13982 26048 242° 62° 13288 26742 242° 62° 14495 25535 249° 69° 12905 27125 264° 84° 10936 29094
TR Gabon AF 238° 58° 14085 25945 237° 57° 14319 25711 240° 60° 13620 26410 240° 60° 14855 25175 246° 66° 13259 26771 262° 82° 11316 28714
TT Chad AF 259° 79° 14704 25326 259° 79° 14901 25129 260° 80° 14286 25744 264° 84° 15202 24828 266° 86° 13762 26268 280° 100° 11640 28390
TU Cote d’Ivoire AF 226° 46° 16014 24016 225° 45° 16254 23776 229° 49° 15549 24481 229° 49° 16875 23155 238° 58° 15282 24748 259° 79° 13428 26602
TY Benin AF 238° 58° 15633 24397 238° 58° 15866 24164 240° 60° 15168 24862 243° 63° 16385 23645 248° 68° 14796 25234 266° 86° 12809 27221
TZ Mali AF 243° 63° 16630 23400 243° 63° 16858 23172 244° 64° 16171 23859 252° 72° 17309 22721 254° 74° 15755 24275 272° 92° 13703 26327
UA European Russia EU 314° 134° 14209 25821 315° 135° 14207 25823 314° 134° 14138 25892 318° 138° 13839 26191 316° 136° 13511 26519 323° 143° 11893 28137
UA2 Kaliningrad EU 315° 135° 15563 24467 317° 137° 15556 24474 313° 133° 15493 24537 322° 142° 15156 24874 315° 135° 14864 25166 319° 139° 13180 26850
UA9 Asiatic Russia AS 328° 148° 11848 28182 328° 148° 11792 28238 329° 149° 11895 28135 328° 148° 11312 28718 332° 152° 11338 28692 343° 163° 10220 29810
UK Uzbekistan AS 308° 128° 12151 27879 307° 127° 12180 27850 309° 129° 12033 27997 308° 128° 11911 28119 312° 132° 11395 28635 324° 144° 9734 30296
UN Kazakhstan AS 314° 134° 12442 27588 314° 134° 12442 27588 315° 135° 12376 27654 315° 135° 12094 27936 318° 138° 11756 28274 329° 149° 10235 29795
UR Ukraine EU 308° 128° 14928 25102 309° 129° 14951 25079 307° 127° 14806 25224 314° 134° 14637 25393 310° 130° 14163 25867 316° 136° 12395 27635
V2 Antigua & Barbuda NA 115° 295° 16350 23680 111° 291° 16264 23766 124° 304° 16533 23497 101° 281° 16263 23767 129° 309° 17178 22852 189° 9° 18345 21685
V3 Belize NA 94° 274° 13986 26044 92° 272° 13827 26203 99° 279° 14325 25705 87° 267° 13618 26412 101° 281° 14938 25092 118° 298° 17037 22993
V4 St. Kitts & Nevis NA 114° 294° 16290 23740 110° 290° 16198 23832 122° 302° 16485 23545 99° 279° 16181 23849 127° 307° 17133 22897 185° 5° 18390 21640
V5 Namibia AF 226° 46° 11892 28138 225° 45° 12132 27898 229° 49° 11427 28603 225° 45° 12764 27266 233° 53° 11187 28843 247° 67° 9518 30512
V6 Micronesia OC 13° 193° 4782 35248 11° 191° 4580 35450 18° 198° 5156 34874 9° 189° 3861 36169 28° 208° 5083 34947 54° 234° 6224 33806
V7 Marshall Is. OC 25° 205° 5289 34741 23° 203° 5065 34965 29° 209° 5709 34321 23° 203° 4347 35683 37° 217° 5750 34280 59° 239° 7114 32916
V8 Brunei Darussalam OC 314° 134° 5704 34326 311° 131° 5713 34317 319° 139° 5653 34377 305° 125° 5445 34585 325° 145° 5054 34976 358° 178° 4054 35976
VE Canada NA 61° 241° 15865 24165 59° 239° 15634 24396 65° 245° 16325 23705 53° 233° 15082 24948 60° 240° 16681 23349 38° 218° 18139 21891
VK Australia OC 304° 124° 2068 37962 297° 117° 2126 37904 319° 139° 1975 38055 277° 97° 2116 37914 332° 152° 1390 38640 65° 245° 1856 38174
VK0H Heard I. AF 226° 46° 6039 33991 225° 45° 6279 33751 228° 48° 5574 34456 222° 42° 6922 33108 227° 47° 5373 34657 222° 42° 4105 35925
VK0M Macquarie I. OC 164° 344° 2277 37753 167° 347° 2402 37628 155° 335° 2143 37887 173° 353° 3053 36977 151° 331° 2688 37342 140° 320° 4198 35832
VK9C Cocos (Keeling) Is. OC 283° 103° 5831 34199 280° 100° 5962 34068 288° 108° 5546 34484 275° 95° 6071 33959 291° 111° 4906 35124 314° 134° 2939 37091
VK9L Lord Howe I. OC 69° 249° 1012 39018 75° 255° 798 39232 66° 246° 1465 38565 129° 309° 739 39291 85° 265° 1936 38094 101° 281° 4058 35972
VK9M Mellish Reef OC 20° 200° 2096 37934 16° 196° 1880 38150 28° 208° 2506 37524 15° 195° 1157 38873 46° 226° 2591 37439 78° 258° 4320 35710
VK9N Norfolk I. OC 74° 254° 1898 38132 77° 257° 1691 38339 72° 252° 2337 37693 100° 280° 1467 38563 85° 265° 2830 37200 100° 280° 4951 35079
VK9W Willis I. OC 3° 183° 2120 37910 357° 177° 1949 38081 13° 193° 2452 37578 345° 165° 1290 38740 31° 211° 2370 37660 71° 251° 3858 36172
VK9X Christmas I. OC 291° 111° 5179 34851 288° 108° 5279 34751 297° 117° 4956 35074 281° 101° 5293 34737 301° 121° 4305 35725 334° 154° 2608 37422
VP2E Anguilla NA 112° 292° 16330 23700 108° 288° 16233 23797 121° 301° 16536 23494 98° 278° 16197 23833 125° 305° 17185 22845 185° 5° 18487 21543
VP2M Montserrat NA 115° 295° 16296 23734 111° 291° 16210 23820 124° 304° 16479 23551 101° 281° 16211 23819 129° 309° 17125 22905 187° 7° 18315 21715
VP2V British Virgin Is. NA 111° 291° 16189 23841 107° 287° 16085 23945 119° 299° 16411 23619 97° 277° 16030 24000 123° 303° 17061 22969 177° 357° 18501 21529
VP5 Turks & Caicos Is. NA 100° 280° 15784 24246 96° 276° 15641 24389 106° 286° 16084 23946 88° 268° 15467 24563 108° 288° 16720 23310 144° 324° 18656 21374
VP6 Pitcairn I. OC 106° 286° 7639 32391 106° 286° 7526 32504 108° 288° 7913 32117 108° 288° 7536 32494 112° 292° 8554 31476 124° 304° 10574 29456
VP6/D Ducie I. OC 109° 289° 8119 31911 108° 288° 8014 32016 110° 290° 8377 31653 109° 289° 8048 31982 114° 294° 9022 31008 127° 307° 11009 29021
VP8 Falkland Is. SA 163° 343° 9978 30052 162° 342° 10092 29938 166° 346° 9806 30224 161° 341° 10687 29343 169° 349° 10242 29788 183° 3° 10708 29322
VP8/G South Georgia I. SA 176° 356° 10018 30012 175° 355° 10176 29854 179° 359° 9751 30279 174° 354° 10850 29180 182° 2° 10064 29966 195° 15° 10062 29968
VP8/H South Shetland Is. SA 167° 347° 8906 31124 166° 346° 9035 30995 169° 349° 8706 31324 166° 346° 9661 30369 172° 352° 9116 30914 183° 3° 9549 30481
VP8/O South Orkney Is. SA 173° 353° 9271 30759 172° 352° 9419 30611 175° 355° 9030 31000 171° 351° 10076 29954 178° 358° 9385 30645 189° 9° 9587 30443
VP8/S South Sandwich Is. SA 182° 2° 9587 30443 181° 1° 9764 30266 185° 5° 9283 30747 180° 360° 10462 29568 188° 8° 9539 30491 199° 19° 9372 30658
VP9 Bermuda NA 86° 266° 16885 23145 83° 263° 16701 23329 94° 274° 17257 22773 72° 252° 16353 23677 91° 271° 17838 22192 53° 233° 19944 20086
VQ9 Chagos Is. AF 272° 92° 8333 31697 270° 90° 8498 31532 275° 95° 7978 32052 268° 88° 8711 31319 278° 98° 7379 32651 292° 112° 5257 34773
VR Hong Kong AS 325° 145° 7383 32647 323° 143° 7345 32685 329° 149° 7416 32614 319° 139° 6931 33099 334° 154° 6865 33165 358° 178° 6031 33999
VU India AS 299° 119° 9894 30136 298° 118° 9961 30069 301° 121° 9714 30316 297° 117° 9822 30208 305° 125° 9064 30966 321° 141° 7296 32734
VU4 Andaman & Nicobar Is. AS 301° 121° 7944 32086 299° 119° 8004 32026 305° 125° 7785 32245 296° 116° 7858 32172 309° 129° 7140 32890 330° 150° 5506 34524
VU7 Lakshadweep Is. AS 287° 107° 9519 30511 286° 106° 9632 30398 290° 110° 9256 30774 284° 104° 9642 30388 294° 114° 8611 31419 309° 129° 6636 33394
XE Mexico NA 83° 263° 13183 26847 81° 261° 12994 27036 87° 267° 13579 26451 77° 257° 12669 27361 88° 268° 14133 25897 99° 279° 16257 23773
XF4 Revillagigedo NA 80° 260° 12075 27955 78° 258° 11877 28153 83° 263° 12485 27545 76° 256° 11526 28504 85° 265° 13016 27014 96° 276° 15127 24903
XT Burkina Faso AF 235° 55° 16126 23904 235° 55° 16361 23669 238° 58° 15659 24371 241° 61° 16898 23132 247° 67° 15305 24725 266° 86° 13329 26701
XU Cambodia AS 311° 131° 7082 32948 309° 129° 7101 32929 316° 136° 7004 33026 305° 125° 6845 33185 320° 140° 6387 33643 345° 165° 5119 34911
XW Laos AS 314° 134° 7578 32452 312° 132° 7584 32446 318° 138° 7524 32506 309° 129° 7285 32745 323° 143° 6918 33112 346° 166° 5704 34326
XX9 Macao AS 324° 144° 7402 32628 322° 142° 7367 32663 328° 148° 7429 32601 318° 138° 6960 33070 333° 153° 6874 33156 357° 177° 6014 34016
XZ Myanmar AS 309° 129° 8287 31743 307° 127° 8312 31718 313° 133° 8190 31840 305° 125° 8065 31965 317° 137° 7563 32467 338° 158° 6138 33892
YA Afghanistan AS 302° 122° 11622 28408 302° 122° 11673 28357 304° 124° 11465 28565 303° 123° 11470 28560 308° 128° 10819 29211 320° 140° 9070 30960
YB Indonesia OC 298° 118° 5063 34967 295° 115° 5135 34895 305° 125° 4894 35136 288° 108° 5063 34967 310° 130° 4249 35781 346° 166° 2809 37221
YI Iraq AS 292° 112° 13439 26591 292° 112° 13530 26500 292° 112° 13200 26830 295° 115° 13435 26595 296° 116° 12552 27478 307° 127° 10584 29446
YJ Vanuatu OC 49° 229° 2729 37301 49° 229° 2489 37541 52° 232° 3196 36834 58° 238° 1913 38117 65° 245° 3511 36519 86° 266° 5476 34554
YK Syria AS 292° 112° 13888 26142 292° 112° 13979 26051 292° 112° 13647 26383 296° 116° 13880 26150 296° 116° 12999 27031 306° 126° 11022 29008
YL Latvia EU 318° 138° 15277 24753 320° 140° 15257 24773 316° 136° 15233 24797 324° 144° 14832 25198 318° 138° 14615 25415 322° 142° 13008 27022
YN Nicaragua NA 101° 281° 14064 25966 98° 278° 13926 26104 106° 286° 14363 25667 93° 273° 13794 26236 108° 288° 14998 25032 130° 310° 17008 23022
YO Romania EU 302° 122° 15275 24755 303° 123° 15324 24706 300° 120° 15101 24929 309° 129° 15078 24952 304° 124° 14451 25579 311° 131° 12569 27461
YS El Salvador NA 97° 277° 13779 26251 95° 275° 13629 26401 101° 281° 14102 25928 90° 270° 13456 26574 104° 284° 14725 25305 123° 303° 16795 23235
YU Serbia EU 299° 119° 15544 24486 300° 120° 15606 24424 297° 117° 15347 24683 306° 126° 15390 24640 301° 121° 14696 25334 308° 128° 12764 27266
YV Venezuela SA 122° 302° 15330 24700 119° 299° 15271 24759 129° 309° 15471 24559 110° 290° 15378 24652 134° 314° 16107 23923 175° 355° 17346 22684
YV0 Aves I. NA 115° 295° 16103 23927 112° 292° 16017 24013 124° 304° 16288 23742 101° 281° 16023 24007 128° 308° 16934 23096 182° 2° 18205 21825
Z2 Zimbabwe AF 239° 59° 11210 28820 238° 58° 11443 28587 241° 61° 10746 29284 238° 58° 11983 28047 245° 65° 10384 29646 257° 77° 8493 31537
Z3 Macedonia EU 295° 115° 15457 24573 297° 117° 15534 24496 294° 114° 15235 24795 303° 123° 15363 24667 298° 118° 14585 25445 306° 126° 12615 27415
Z6 Kosovo EU 297° 117° 15513 24517 298° 118° 15584 24446 295° 115° 15302 24728 304° 124° 15393 24637 299° 119° 14651 25379 307° 127° 12697 27333
Z8 South Sudan AF 257° 77° 12803 27227 257° 77° 13004 27026 259° 79° 12381 27649 259° 79° 13344 26686 264° 84° 11866 28164 277° 97° 9755 30275
Z8 Republic of South Sudan AF 257° 77° 12803 27227 257° 77° 13004 27026 259° 79° 12381 27649 259° 79° 13344 26686 264° 84° 11866 28164 277° 97° 9755 30275
ZA Albania EU 294° 114° 15583 24447 295° 115° 15664 24366 292° 112° 15352 24678 302° 122° 15505 24525 297° 117° 14703 25327 304° 124° 12717 27313
ZB Gibraltar EU 280° 100° 17717 22313 284° 104° 17846 22184 275° 95° 17384 22646 301° 121° 17766 22264 283° 103° 16773 23257 292° 112° 14664 25366
ZC4 UK Base Areas on Cyprus AS 290° 110° 14278 25752 291° 111° 14376 25654 290° 110° 14024 26006 295° 115° 14292 25738 294° 114° 13379 26651 304° 124° 11376 28654
ZD7 St. Helena AF 209° 29° 13730 26300 208° 28° 13961 26069 213° 33° 13296 26734 208° 28° 14669 25361 220° 40° 13218 26812 239° 59° 11828 28202
ZD8 Ascension I. AF 203° 23° 14909 25121 201° 21° 15131 24899 207° 27° 14495 25535 201° 21° 15851 24179 216° 36° 14469 25561 239° 59° 13125 26905
ZD9 Tristan da Cunha & Gough AF 195° 15° 11739 28291 194° 14° 11947 28083 198° 18° 11361 28669 193° 13° 12669 27361 203° 23° 11457 28573 219° 39° 10638 29392
ZF Cayman Is. NA 96° 276° 14795 25235 94° 274° 14642 25388 102° 282° 15120 24910 87° 267° 14446 25584 103° 283° 15743 24287 125° 305° 17806 22224
ZK3 Tokelau Is. OC 64° 244° 4939 35091 64° 244° 4713 35317 66° 246° 5396 34634 69° 249° 4250 35780 73° 253° 5816 34214 89° 269° 7850 32180
ZL New Zealand OC 116° 296° 2214 37816 121° 301° 2149 37881 109° 289° 2447 37583 136° 316° 2432 37598 115° 295° 3093 36937 119° 299° 5125 34905
ZL7 Chatham Is. OC 119° 299° 3074 36956 122° 302° 3014 37016 114° 294° 3282 36748 132° 312° 3271 36759 118° 298° 3932 36098 124° 304° 5914 34116
ZL8 Kermadec Is. OC 87° 267° 3155 36875 89° 269° 2981 37049 86° 266° 3545 36485 101° 281° 2841 37189 94° 274° 4110 35920 106° 286° 6242 33788
ZL9 Auckland & Campbell Is. OC 147° 327° 2339 37691 151° 331° 2399 37631 138° 318° 2341 37689 160° 340° 2948 37082 138° 318° 2958 37072 133° 313° 4691 35339
ZP Paraguay SA 153° 333° 12717 27313 151° 331° 12791 27239 158° 338° 12613 27417 148° 328° 13290 26740 163° 343° 13104 26926 187° 7° 13617 26413
ZS South Africa AF 225° 45° 10927 29103 224° 44° 11167 28863 228° 48° 10463 29567 224° 44° 11806 28224 232° 52° 10236 29794 243° 63° 8627 31403
ZS8 Pr. Edward & Marion Is. AF 221° 41° 8609 31421 220° 40° 8848 31182 223° 43° 8150 31880 218° 38° 9514 30516 225° 45° 7986 32044 231° 51° 6633 33397
EU beam headings from Australia

These are the beam headings from Australian state capitals averaged over all of Europe for both short path (SP) and long path (LP). They are suitable for a dipole or yagi antenna with a small number of elements which has a broad beamwidth of around 45° or more. The radiator of a dipole should be oriented in a direction 90° less than the heading in the table. Dipoles radiate bidirectionally so can be used for short path and long path simultaneously.

VK1 SP VK1 LP VK2 SP VK2 LP VK3 SP VK3 LP VK4 SP VK4 LP VK5 SP VK5 LP VK6 SP VK6 LP
307° 127° 309° 129° 303° 123° 316° 136° 306° 126° 309° 129°

Good luck with your DX chasing!